• Anterior Approach Hip Replacement
    Anterior Approach Hip Replacement

    Anterior Approach Hip Replacement

  • Hip Resurfacing
    Hip Resurfacing

    Hip Resurfacing

  • Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement
    Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement

    Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement

  • MAKO Robotic Total Knee and Partial Knee Replacement
    MAKO Robotic Total Knee and Partial Knee Replacement

    MAKO Robotic Total Knee and
    Partial Knee Replacement

  • Knee Arthroscopy
    Knee Arthroscopy

    Knee Arthroscopy

  • Rapid Recovery and Outpatient Joint Replacement
    Rapid Recovery and Outpatient Joint Replacement

    Rapid Recovery and Outpatient Joint Replacement

  • Non-operative Treatment for Hip and Knee Pain
    Non-operative Treatment for Hip and Knee Pain

    Non-operative Treatment for Hip and Knee Pain

Hip Arthritis (Osteoarthritis)

Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease is the most common form of hip arthritis. It occurs most often in older people. This disease affects the tissue covering the ends of bones in a joint (cartilage). In a person with osteoarthritis, the cartilage becomes damaged and worn out causing pain, swelling, stiffness and restricted movement in the affected joint. Although osteoarthritis may affect various joints including hips, knees, hands, and spine, hip joint is most commonly affected. Rarely, the disease may affect the shoulders, wrists and feet.

Causes

Osteoarthritis is characterized by damaged articular cartilage, cartilage lining the hip joint. Advanced age is one of the most common reasons for osteoarthritis of hip. You may also develop osteoarthritis if you had hip injury or fracture in the past, if you have family history of osteoarthritis, suffering from hip diseases such as avascular necrosis and other congenital or developmental hip diseases.

How do you know that you have osteoarthritis of hip? The characteristic symptoms and diagnostic test helps in diagnosing the condition.

Symptoms

You will experience severe pain confined to hip and thighs, morning stiffness and limited range of motion.

Diagnosis

Based on the symptoms your orthopaedic surgeon will perform physical examination, X-rays and other scans, and also some blood tests to rule out the other conditions that may cause similar symptoms.

Management of Osteoarthritis

Conservative Treatment Options

There are several treatments and lifestyle modifications that can help you ease your pain and symptoms.

1. Medications: Pain-relieving medications such as NSAIDs, COX-2 inhibitors and opioids may be prescribed. Topical medications such as ointments can be applied over the skin where there is pain. If the pain is very severe, corticosteroid injection can be given directly into the affected joint to ease the pain

2. Other Treatments: Your physiotherapist will teach you exercises to keep joints flexible and improve muscle strength. Heat/cold therapy which involves applying heat or cold packs to the joints provides temporary pain relief. Lifestyle modifications can be done to control weight and avoid extra stress on the weight-bearing joints

Surgery

Hip joint replacement surgery is considered as an option when the pain is so severe that it affects your ability to carry out normal activities.


Other Procedures

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